Those who shared that advantage -r- ~ will long remember his happy renderings, and his brief and pointed criticisms, which had the rare merit, Ad of being sufficient for their immediate purpose, while at the same time they were calculated to stimulate the student to further investigation on his own account.
FOR my earliest interest in the celebrated, though often far from easy, play, a new edition of which is here offered to the public, I am indebted to the fact that, some fifteen years ago, in common with many other students in this University, I had the advantage of attending a course of lectures upon it, by the Reverend W. Thompson, the present Master of Trinity College, who was at that time Regius Professor of Greek.
foundation for an edition of the play; and, finding from the Master of Trinity that there was no prospect of his editing it himself, I began under his kind encouragement to prepare to do so.
' lartens-Schaafhausen cabinet' Dionysos Leontomorphos. It is doubtless undramatic for the king, after ordering his attendants to capture all the Theban revellers they can find, as well as the Lydian stranger, to allow a band of Asiatic women to go on beating their drums, and dancing and singing unmolested in front of his own palace'. A chorus of aged Thebans, for instance, might have required no departure from dramatic probability, but it would have been a poor exchange for our revel-band of Oriental women, gaily clad in bright attire and singing jubilant songs, as they lightly move to the sound of Bacchanalian music. 512, observzatum est a quibusdam senarios i ps minus 50 priminum pcdema anapaeslu hzabere, et in 950 versibus solutiones 368 esse. present play we have the advantage of two such passages, in which the revels on Cithaeron and the death of Pentheus are described in narratives which are, perhaps, unsurpassed in Greek tragedy for radiant brilliancy, energetic swiftness and the vivid representation of successive incidents, following fast on one another. WVe have a similar instance of repose in Shakespeare in the short dialogue between Duncan and Banquo just as they approach the gates of Macbeth's castle (l Iacbeth I. I-9); upon which it was well observed by Sir Joshua Reynolds that 'their conversation very naturally turns upon the beauty of its situation, and the pleasantness of the air: and Banquo observing the martlets' nests in every recess of the cornice, remarks that where those birds most breed and haunt, the air is delicate. This is well shewn by the moralising refrain at the close of the successive stanzas in one of Wordsworth's poems of the imagination, called' Devotional incitements.' For this illustration I am indebted to Professor Colvin. ON THE PURPOSE OF THE PLA Y lxxv antiquity, who, in the phrase of a hostile critic, is made to describe himself as 'from the scrolls of lore distilling the essence of his wit"? The fate of his Phoenician comrades is ingeniously indicated by the overturned pitcher. Telephus, according to the legend, had at first repelled the Greeks; but Dionysus came to their help, and caused him to be tripped up by a vine, and thereupon wounded by the spear of Achilles.
They also shew a certain interdependence on one another; thus, the allusions, in the first Stasimon,, to the places where Dionysus is worshipped, find their echo in the reference to the god's own haunts in the second; the longing for liberty expressed in the second is after an interval caught up by a similar strain in the third; while the moral reflexions of the first are to some extent repeated in the last. The only other course would have involved having a chorus that was either coldly neutral, or actually hostile to the worship of Dionysus, and therefore out of harmony with the object of the play. lxix where, shortly before the tumult of the wild revels of the IValplorisnaci/t, we find Faust quietly talking to Mephistopheles about the charm of silently threading the mazes of the valleys, and of climbing the crags from which the ever-babbling fountain falls, when the breath of spring has already wakened the birch into life, and is just quickening the lingering pine'. In these denunciations of r') o'oro/v, are we really listening to the pupil of Anaxagoras, to him whom his Athenian admirers called the 'philosopher of the stage2,' to the most book-learned of the great Tragic writers of 1 Bathos of this kind is unavoidable whenever the didactic style of poetry follows closely on an instance of a higher type. 158 E, 6 KIv Kh'b S o VTro S 0X6'o0-os, Vitruvius, Book v III, Preface. Mr King informs me that he doubts the antiquity of the ' Florentine gem,' and he suggests that it may be only a fancy sketch. CADMUS ATTACKING THE SERPENT OF THE FOUNTAIN OF ARES. The wounded king of Mysia, with his helmet on his head and with shield and sword beside him, is here bending as a suppliant at an altar on which stands the oracular head of the bearded Dionysus. A., who has kindly permitted its publication, for the first time, in this volume. The original is a sard in the Leake Collection of Gems in the Fitzwilliam Museum (Case II, no. Mr King's catalogue describes it as 'designed with much spirit in the later Greek style.' LITERATURE OF THE PLA Y.
Among the archaeologists of the last generation, to whose works I am thus under special obligations, are Otfried Miller and Otto Jahn. Several of the illustrations, however, are, I have reason to know, more accurate than those that have appeared elsewhere; and I may add in conclusion that a terracotta lamp from Cyprus (on p.
In the case of living authorities on ancient art and archaeology, my thanks are due to Jahn's distinguished nephew, Professor Michaelis of Strassburg, for drawing my attention to one or two recent German contributions towards the archaeological illustration of points immediately connected with the play, and in particular for enabling me to supply a more accurate copy of one of the sculptured representations of the death of Pentheus, than those hitherto published: to C. 238) as well as a gem lately found in the north of England (p. A., Fellow and Librarian of Corpus Christi College.