The most significant manifestation of national unity is the sense of linguistic and cultural connection that includes the national language, literature, music, folk culture, folk literature, folk traditions, and history.A deep, permeating consciousness is another integral element of national identity.During the socialist period, Russian was mandatory in schools and universities.
Even though the kingdom of Hungary ceased to exist in 1918, the crown continues to hold deeply meaningful national significance.On the one hand, there was a nation–state that ethnic Hungarians and non-Hungarians could share.On the other hand, there was a narrower sense of belonging to the Hungarian linguistic, cultural, and ethnic community. The Danube River divides Hungary and bisects the capital, Budapest. The population was 10,065,000 in 1999, 48,000 less than it had been a year earlier. Covering an area of 35,934 square miles (93,030 square kilometers), the country is in the Carpathian Basin, surrounded by the Carpathian Mountains, the Alps, and the Dinaric Alps.